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    美国有五一劳动节吗

    时间:2017-05-01来源:小草范文网 本文已影响

    篇一:世界各国劳动节的习俗

    世界各国劳动节的习俗

    一、美国:劳动节发源地不过“五一”

    劳动节起源于美国。但特殊的是,美国政府后来在设立劳动节时,自行规定每年9月的第一个星期一为劳动节,所以美国人的劳动节不在5月,而在9月。每逢9月的劳动节,美国人可以放假一天,全美各地的民众一般都会举行游行、集会等各种庆祝活动,以示对劳工的尊重。在一些州,人们在游行之后还要举办野餐会,热闹地吃喝、唱歌、跳舞。入夜,有的地方还会放焰火。

    二、日本:劳动节逢“黄金周”

    日本是一个节日比较多的国家,5月1日前后的节日就很多,如4月29日植树节、5月3日宪法纪念日、4日国民假日、5日儿童节,这些假日连起来,一般日本人至少有一周休息时间,最长的甚至达11天。

    对工薪阶层来说,这个长假的意义真是不同寻常。因此,在日本,劳动节专门的庆祝活动日渐被“五一黄金周”所取代。而且从4月29日开始,日本就已经进入了“黄金周”。

    三、俄罗斯:游行、集会、娱乐一个都不少

    自国际上设立劳动节以来,俄罗斯一直比较重视这个特别的节日。“五一”这天,俄罗斯全国放假,并举行各种庆祝活动及群众性游行。

    过去,上述活动主要是由政府组织,游行队伍中包括各企业、机关的代表。现在,除政府统筹的庆祝活动外,各种不同政见的非政府组织、劳工团体,都会在这一天自发举行各种庆祝活动,既可以借这个机会充分阐述各自的政见,又能扩大本组织的影响。

    五、意大利:不庆祝不放假

    英国、法国等欧洲国家都将“五一”确定为劳动节,不少国家都放假一天,还有的国家则根据情况将公共假期放在5月的第一个星期一。

    不过,和世界大多数国家不太一样的是,意大利尽管承认“五一”国际劳动节,政府也表示尊重劳工,但一般人并不举行专门的庆祝活动,也没有全国性的“五一”假期

    篇二:Labor Day(美国劳动节)

    Labor Day(美国劳动节)

    Labor Day (U.S.A)

    First Monday in September

    Many immigrants settled in New York City in the nineteenth century. They found that living conditions were not as wonderful as they had dreamed. Often there were six families crowded into a h(原文来自:wWw.xiaOcAofANweN.coM 小 草 范 文 网:美国有五一劳动节吗)ouse made for one family. Thousands of children had to go to work. Working conditions were even worse. Immigrant men, women and children worked in factories for ten to twelve hours a day, stopping only for a short time to eat. They came to work even if they were tired or sick because if they didn't, they might be fired. Thousands of people were waiting to take their places.

    When Peter McGuire was 17, he began an apprenticeship in a piano shop. This job was better than his others, for he was learning a trade, but he still worked long hours with low pay. At night he went to meetings and classes in economics and social issues of the day. One of the main issues of concern pertained to labor conditions. Workers were tired of long hours, low pay and uncertain jobs. They spoke of organizing themselves into a union of laborers to improve their working conditions. In the spring of 1872, Peter McGuire and 100,000 workers went on strike and marched through the streets, demanding a decrease in the long working day.

    This event convinced Peter that an organized labor movement was important for the future of workers' rights. He spent the next year speaking to crowds of workers and unemployed people, lobbying(游说) the city government for jobs and relief money. It was not an easy road for Peter McGuire. He became known as a "disturber of the public peace." The city government ignored his demands. Peter himself could not find a job in his trade. He began to travel up and down the east coast to speak to laborers about unionizing(成立工会). In 1881, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, and began to organize carpenters there. He organized a convention of carpenters in Chicago, and it was there that a national union of carpenters was founded. He became General Secretary of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America.

    The idea of organizing workers according to their trades spread around the country. Factory workers, dock workers and toolmakers all began to demand and get their rights to an eight-hour workday, a secure job and a future in their

    trades. Peter McGuire and laborers in other cities planned a holiday for workers on the first Monday in September, halfway between Independence Day and Thanksgiving Day.

    On September 5, 1882 the first Labor Day parade was held in New York City. Twenty thousand

    workers marched in a parade up Broadway. They carried banners that read "LABOR CREATES ALL WEALTH," and "EIGHT HOURS FOR WORK, EIGHT HOURS FOR REST, EIGHT HOURS FOR RECREATION!" After the parade there were picnics all around the city. Workers and celebrants ate Irish stew, homemade bread and apple pie. At night, fireworks were set off. Within the next few years, the idea spread from coast to coast, and all states celebrated Labor Day. In 1894, Congress voted it a federal holiday.

    Today Americans celebrate Labor Day with a little less fanfare(热闹的宣传) on the first Monday of September. Some cities have parades and community

    picnics. Many politicians "kick off' their political campaigns by holding rallies on the holiday. Most Americans consider Labor Day the end of the summer, and the beaches and other popular resort areas are packed with people enjoying one last three-day weekend.

    http:///article/info_Show.asp?ArticleID=1590

    篇三:日本的劳动节怎么过?

    日本的劳动节怎么过?

    今天是一年一度的五一劳动节,小编在这里祝大家节日快乐~~

    在日本也有劳动节,只不过不是5月1日这一条,今天小编久违大家盘点一下日本的劳动节~~

    每年的11月23日,是日本的劳动感谢日(勤労感謝の日)。这个节日设立于1948年,是一个“敬重勤劳,祝福生产,国民互相感谢”的节目。

    劳动感谢日起于日本古代的“新尝祭”(在《日本书纪》就有新尝祭的记载),从前人们在在这个日子里,将新收获的稻米献给神祇,自己也尝尝新。不过,这样的尝新习俗,在中国更加古老、更加普遍。

    从明治时代的1874年开始,新尝祭被确定在每年的11月23日。二战以后,劳动者的权利在宪法中得到了扩充,劳动者也更加得到了尊重,为此确立了劳动感谢日(1948),时间也在11月23日。一般认为相当于美国的劳动节(9月的第一个星期一)。

    不过,在小范围内,新尝祭也还保留。像伊势神宫,10月15~25日神尝祭,11月23日新尝祭。而皇宫中则是10月17日神尝祭,11月23日新尝祭。

    那么,日本人还过五一国际劳动节吗?在日本,由于劳动节逢“黄金周” 日本是一个节日比较多的国家,5月1日前后的节日就很多,如4月29日植树节、5月3日宪法纪念日、4日国民假日、5日儿童节,这些假日连起来,一般日本人至少有一周休息时间,最长的甚至达11天。因此,在日本,劳动节专门的庆祝活动日渐被“五一黄金周”所取代。而且从4月29日开始,日本就已经进入了“黄金周”。

    日本全国的许多饭店、温泉等娱乐设施,纷纷在“五一”前打出各种广告招揽游客,普通旅馆的房间价格也比平时提高一倍以上。

    今日讨论区:

    今天讨论的话题是“今年的51你是怎么过的”你的五一放了几天的假期,有出去玩吗?还是宅在家里了~到讨论区给大家分享一下吧~~

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